10 Monuments & Historical Places in Delhi

Delhi is dotted with some jaw-dropping attractions to explore. The cultural blend of deep-rooted Old Delhi and the effervescent New Delhi is enormously striving. The monuments in Delhi have the fusion of all artistic masterpieces from different dynasties.

From the carvings of Mughal rulers to astonishing Islamic architecture, Delhi never gives up a chance to leave an impression on its visitors.

Known to be one of the most popular monuments in Delhi, Red Fort has been standing strong as a legendary reminder of Mughal rulers. In the 16th Century, the walls of Red Fort were elongated few miles to save the city from attackers.

Qutub Minar

The Qutub Minar in Delhi is a towering landmark which never fails to fascinate visitors. And why not! After all, it’s not every day that you come across an architectural masterpiece that boasts of being the world’s tallest brick tower and has remained so for more than 800 years.

But is that all there is to this centuries-old historic monument in Delhi? Of course not! From its illustrious history to grand architecture, everything about this structure is awe-inspiring. This blog covers the history, architecture, timings, entry fee, and other details about Qutub Minar in Delhi.

Delhi’s Qutub Minar is a five-storied structure constructed over four centuries by a number of rulers. It was originally commissioned by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, who was the founder of the Delhi Sultanate, around 1192 as a victory tower.

The minaret is named after him; although he wasn’t able to build it beyond the first story. His successor Shams-ud-din Iltutmish added three more floors to the structure in 1220. Its topmost story suffered damages in 1369 due to lightning.

It was reconstructed by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, who added the fifth and final story to the tower while the entrance to Qutub Minar was built by Sher Shah Suri.

The magnificent Qutub Minar has a height of 73 meters. It has a base diameter of 14.3 meters which narrows down to 2.7 meters at the top. The structure also includes a spiral staircase of 379 steps. There are many other historical edifices around the minaret which, together with the main tower, form the Qutub Minar Complex.

India Gate

A stunning archway standing as a tribute to the brave soldiers who sacrificed their lives for the country, India Gate is one of the landmarks of Delhi. Built with sandstone, this 42-m-high gate was the first of its kind in the national capital.

The foundation stone of this grand monument was laid by the Duke of Connaught in 1921 and it was designed by Edwin Lutyens. A decade later, the monument was dedicated to India by the then viceroy, Lord Irwin.

Amar Jawan Jyoti, made of marble, is located in front of India Gate and was constructed in the year 1971. It was built to pay tribute to the brave soldiers who lost their lives during the Indo-Pak War in December 1971. The flame is guarded by uniformed soldiers and a shining rifle crowned by an army helmet has also been kept near it.

Humayun’s Tomb

Humayun’s tomb is sublimely well proportioned, seeming to float above its symmetrical gardens. It’s thought to have inspired the Taj Mahal, which it predates by 60 years. Constructed for the Mughal emperor in the mid-16th century by Haji Begum, Humayun’s Persian-born wife, the tomb marries Persian and Mughal elements.

The arched facade is inlaid with bands of white marble and red sandstone, and the building follows strict rules of Islamic geometry, with an emphasis on the number eight. The beautiful surrounding gardens contain the tombs of the emperor’s favourite barber – an entrusted position given the proximity of the razor to the imperial throat – and Haji Begum.

As part of a huge ongoing restoration project, a new state-of-the-art visitor centre is being built just outside the entrance, and will have underground walkways linking the complex with neighbouring Sunder Nursery and Hazrat Nizam-ud-din Dargah across Mathura Rd.

Jama Masjid

Jama Masjid of Delhi, Jama Masjid also spelled Jami? Masjid, Jama Masjid of Delhi also called Masjid-i Jahannuma, mosque in Old Delhi, India, constructed in 1650–56 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, a noted patron of Islamic architecture whose most famous work is the Taj Mahal, in Agra.

Jama Masjid is Delhi’s principal mosque, the place where the city’s Muslims traditionally gather for Friday communal prayer; Jama Masjid is Arabic for “Friday mosque.” The mosque is near the Red Fort, yet another of Shah Jahan’s buildings. Jama Masjid and its courtyard stand on an outcropping more than 30 steps higher than the street, giving the mosque a commanding view of the surrounding area.

Jama Masjid is oriented toward the holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, which lies to the west. An open courtyard facing the eastern gateway of the mosque building is at least 325 feet (99 metres) square and can accommodate 25,000 people. The eastern gateway itself was originally reserved for royal use exclusively. Others used smaller gates on the north and south sides of the building.

old fort

Literally “old fort“, Purana Quila is definitely worth including in your itinerary. Built by Mughal emperor Humayun and Afghan ruler Sher Shah, the walls of the fort have three gates and are surrounded by a moat fed by the river Yamuna.

The wall was built by Humayun while the buildings in the fort are attributed to Sher Shah. The notable buildings that have survived in the fort are the Sher Mandal and the Quila-I-kholina Mosque. Purana Quila is also the venue for a spectacular sound and light show held every evening.

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